The goal of this course is to give 1st year students aiming for a B.Sc. in Physics and Electronics an introduction to the concepts and guiding principles of Electricity and Magnetism and their applications in the solution of physical problems in a real context.
At the end of this course, the student must be able to:
1. Understand the concepts of electric charges, electric field, electric force and electric flux and to apply Gauss’s Law.
2. Define and calculate the electric potential and electrostatic potential energy.
3. Calculate the capacitance of, and energy stored in capacitors of various forms.
4. Apply Ohm’s law and Kirchhoff’s rules on DC circuits.
5. Determine the magnetic field vector produced by currents and moving charges, through applying Ampere’s Theorem and Biot-Savart law.
6. Study the effects of Magnetic fields on charged elements and current carrying wires.
7. Analyize physical situations and apparatus involving combined Electric and Magnetic Effects.
Part 1: Electrostatics
Electric charge distributions, Coulomb’s Law and Electrostatic Forces.
Electric Fields due to discrete and continuous (uniform and non-uniform) distribution of charges.
Electric field-lines and Electric Flux, Symmetry nature of electric fields and Gauss’s law.
Electric Potential and Electrostatic Potential Energy.
Part 2: Electricity
Electric current and resistance.
Electric circuit analysis.
Multi-loop Circuits. Kirchhoff’s rules, Thevenin’s Theorem and Norton’s Theorem.
Circuits containing capacitors.
Part 3: Magnetism
Introduction to Magnetic field and Magnetic flux.
Sources of Magnetic field.
Magnetic field due to moving electric charges and due to current carrying conductors.
Applications of Biot-Savart and Ampere’s Laws.
Effects of Magnetic fields on moving charges and current carrying conductors.
Electromagnetic Induction: Faraday’s and Lenz’s laws, mutual and self Inductances, stored Magnetic energy.
Dandach, Electricity and Magnetism
Serway, Physics for Scientists and Engineers, 5th edn.
Methodology and evaluation
The course adopts an interactive methodology. The meetings include time for discussions and Q&A, making it possible for the students to take an active part in the course flow. Directed Work forms the essential part of the course. The final grade of the course is built up from: 30% partial exam after the first 6 weeks of the semester, and 70% final exam at the end of the 12th week.